Academic Research is defined as a process of collecting, analyzing and interpreting information to answer questions or solve a problem. But to qualify as good research, the process must have certain characteristics and properties: it must, as far as possible, be controlled, rigorous, systematic, valid and verifiable, empirical and critical. The main characteristics for good quality research is listed below:
- It is based on the work of others.
- It can be replicated and doable .
- It is generalisable to other settings.
- It is based on some logical rationale and tied to theory. In a way that it has the potential to suggest directions for future research.
- It generates new questions or is cyclical in nature.
- It is incremental.
- It addresses directly or indirectly some real problem in the world.
- It clearly states the variables or constructs to be examined.
- Valid and verifiable such that whatever you conclude on the basis of your findings is correct and can be verified by you and others.
- The researcher is sincerely interested and/or invested in this research.
Meanwhile, bad research has the following properties:
- The opposites of what have been discussed.
- Looking for something when it simply is not to be found.
- Plagiarizing other people’s work.
- Falsifying data to prove a point.
- Misrepresenting information and misleading participants.