Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled applications now support the needs and interests of individuals, enterprises, and society. They impact our lives, change businesses, and enhance the human experience.
As this technology advances, this special issue seeks articles on applications that are deployed and preferably tested and evaluated in real-world situations, where IoT data is an indispensable component. Apart from physical devices (sensors/IoTs), such applications might also involve citizen sensing (for example, human-supplied observations or data using a mobile app), social data, and interactions with humans; the applications might also seek or use human guidance. Especially welcome are applications that involve a large number or variety of IoTs and/or Big Data (with one or more corresponding challenges in volume, variety, velocity, or veracity).
In this area of research, the collected data must be analyzed for insights, which will inform or drive actions affecting human activities (and hence, human experience). Therefore, any employed AI techniques must be human-aware. For example, both the raw data and processed insights must be secured and made traceable to gain humans’ trust. For any insights generated from machine learning, the techniques might be called upon to explain the output. Usage and acceptance of insights by humans will drive future waves of IoT devices and consumption of their contextual data.
We envisage that illustrative applications involving IoT and other data could serve or impact any variety of issues that impact human activities and experience, including but not limited to the following:
individual and community needs — such as personal and public health, entertainment, and improving the quality of life;
enterprise needs — including logistics, procurement, customer engagement/experience, human resources, and connected manufacturing;
smart, connected city and government (societal and environment-related) needs — such as energy, transport, water, and citizen empowerment and engagement; and
human, social, and economic development needs — including crisis response and coordination, as well as improving standards of living, community use, and natural resources.